Reprint of the article by The late Dorothy Shapcote of Plymouth(continued)
These two statements seem rather at variance, but may it not have been that, as Clerk
of the Peace for the county he had been on business in the neighbourhood of Modbury,
and so became involved in its troubles?
He would thus be among the “Malignants in Arms” and might be counted guilty, even
though he had not “taken up arms” in the usual sense of that term.
In October 1643, the death occurred of his elder son, Thomas Shapcote “ye younger”,
and I am inclined to attribute it to war-service, directly or indirectly. It occurred
shortly after the siege of the City, and he may have succumbed to the effects of
a wound or of illness caused by the privations of the times. All Hallows and the
Cathedral registers both record the burial, but neither throws any light on the cause
of death. The loss of this youth in his prime must have been a severe blow to his
family, for he appears to have inherited his father’s ability in legal matters –
in 1632 he was called to the Bar from the Inner Temple – and now of four sons born
to Thomas and Urith Shapcote, only one, Philip, was left.
On the other side in the national struggle was Robert Shapcott, Recorder of Bradninch
and South Molton, and a member for Tiverton in the Long Parliamant. This branch
had settled in Bradninch, and may have derived from Robert Shapcote (extant about
the middle of the 16th century) or from a more remote side-shoot. He was an officer
in Cromwell’s army, and a great supporter of the Protector. However, by 1654 he
appears to have weakened in his adherence, for in that year a petition was presented
against him by the “well-affected inhabitants of Tiverton” on account of his Royalist
leanings and generally roystering behaviour. In this case, as in that of the elder
Thomas, the authorities rather contradict one another. The petition was presented
in 1654 (State Papers, Domestic, August 1st); in 1655. “Col. Shapcote” noted by
the Parliamentary leader, sent to quell a Royalist rebellion in the West, as giving
him great assistance. This may, of course, denote speedy reformation on the part
of Robert, but somehow the roystering, Royalist at-heart “Rob” of the petition does
not fit in with other ideas of the sober-minded legal luminary of Bradninch and South
Molton. Can there have been two Roberts, details of whose careers have become mixed?
At all events a Robert Shapcott always considered to be the Recorder, was one of
the Restoration Commissioners.
In 1646 the Committee for Compounding fined Thomas Shapcote 328 pounds for “delinquency”,
but when in February 1651, he was summoned to pay a further sum of 300 pounds he
got off on the above “compounding”. His Royalist sympathies were known however,
for in April 1651, he is noted among the “townesmen of Exeter generally well-affected
to the King”. (Hist. MSS., Commission).
In 1661 his wife died and was buried in the Cathedral. With regard to the date of
Thomas’s death there is a discrepancy of some years between the pedigree and the
Cathedral Register. The former gives 1669-70, the latter “1660….Thos. 16 Jan” and
presumes in its Index that the surname of this “Thomas” was Shapcote. In support
of the pedigree the Weavers Company Records note under February, 1664, that “counsell
should be taken of …. and Mr. Shapcote”, Thomas had been their legal adviser, and
Miss Creswell considers this entry to refer to the same man.
Philip Shapcote, like his father, was a lawyer of some eminence, locally at all events.
Baptised at All Hallows, Goldsmith Street, Exeter, in February, 1621-22, he lived
to a ripe old age, and died at Knowstone in August 1703. Although removed from its
original site in front of the altar, his gravestone fortunately remains intact in
the vestry. The Inscription, in Latin, describes him as “armiger”, the coat of arms
is incised on the stone, and the name is spelt “Shapcote” both with regard to the
man and house.
A fair amount can be gleaned about Philip’s public career, for he held various legal
offices in Devon. Undoubtedly he was more deeply involved in the Civil War than
his father; he makes no denial of his “deliquency” but compounds on the “Exeter Articles”.
His fine of 40 pounds seems small compared to his father’s, but he may have had
no separate estate and but little “private means”. He was Recorder of South Molton
from 1654 to 1669, in succession to his cousin (?) Robert; Town Clerk of Plymouth
1662 – 1665 (doubtless a temporary, safe appointment of the Royalists); and Deputy-Recorder
of Totnes, 1681.
Of his private life less is to be gathered, but the pedigree in giving him only two
wives and one son is hopelessly inaccurate. He was married and was the father of
at least two daughters many years before the date given as that of his “first” marriage
with Katherine Bowden, a widow of Chudleigh. The licence for this marriage, dated
November, 1668, describes him as a widower. The name of his first wife I have not
yet traced, nor can it be said with any certainty whether she was the mother of all
the seven children whose names occur in family wills between 1696 and 1703. Urith,
baptised at Exeter in 1661, and Anne at Shute in 1662, must have been hers, and probably
the son, Thomas, the sole offspring noted in the pedigree. In addition there were
three more sons – John, the administrator of his father’s estate in 1703, Philip
and Walter, of whom nothing helpful to the genealogist transpires, and yet another
daughter, Katherine, who from her name may have belonged to Katherine “Bowden”. Anne
is said to have married a Molland Courtenay, but I have not traced this connection.
Philip, himself, married for his third wife Elizabeth, widow of James Courtenay
of Molland, and previously relict of John Rosier, of Swymbridge, Her daughter, Elizabeth
Rosier, was married to Philip’s son Thomas, but which wedding took place first I
do not know.
Philip appears to have lived more at Knowstone than his father, and from perusal
of those wills aforementioned I gather that the family fortunes were on the down-grade,
at any rate in the later years of his life. The girl, Elizabeth Rosier, was something
of an heiress, and her mother evidently more so, and no doubt their money helped
to keep “Shapcote” going for the time. But the little son of Thomas and Elizabeth
who would have inherited from mother and grand-mother, died when less than a year
old, and most of the latter’s actual property other than personal possessions or
savings, went back to Rosiers or Lynns, her own people, a Northamptonshire family.
Like many other able Lawyers, Philp neglected to make a will. This may be accounted
for by the deaths during the last few years of his own life, of his grandson, Jan.,
1690-91; his son, Thomas, July, 1696; his daughter-in-law, Elizabeth, Jan., 1698;
his wife Elizabeth, Nov., 1700. Apart from the alterations these consecutive demises
would no doubt have caused in the dispotion of his estate, they must also have affected
him personally, and by 1696 he was an old man, 75, a great age for those days. Whatever
the cause, no will was made apparently, for in October, 1703, administration of the
estate was granted to his son John, whose existence I first discovered on reading
the administration deed.
Thomas, presumably the eldest son, does not seem to have been an altogether satisfactory
person, though it may be that the times he lived in were to blame for this. The
first fact about him that I know is that he received a pardon in 1674 for killing
John Tildesley, but he must have been quite young then, and duels were frequent in
those days. Even so to obtain a pardon must have cost money, as well as influence,
and by judging the wording of his Will, at the time of his death he had very little
of his own to bequeath. He played rather a leading part, however, on one occasion
in the history of South Molton, for he went to London as his father’s deputy to bring
home the new Charter graciously granted to the town by Charles II. This was in 1684,
and Philip probably
had no desire to undertake the strenuous journey from the remote West to London.
An account of the Charter’s reception is given in the town’s “History”, and after
this I suppose the two Shapcotes would have ridden home to Knowstone, up and down
the long switchback hills and over the bleak moors that lie between the two places.
Thomas died in Exeter, at least he is buried in the “Quire” of the Cathedral, as
is also his wife, and it seems probable that he lived usually in the City … But it
is quite clear from his wife’s will that they were frequently at Knowstone, she bequeaths
to her father-in-law and other Shapcotes, furniture etc., evidently in the house
Of Philip Shapcote’s other sons I have as yet found out nothing, except that John’s
two little sons died as infants, and that he had daughters who presumably grew up
(Knowstone Register Transcript at Exeter). Philip and Walter vanish into obscurity,
and in view of the evident decline in the family fortunes, I think they may have
gone further afield to seek their own.
I cannot help thinking that our branch may derive from either of these sons, who
were most certainly existant and connected with Knowstone in November, 1698, when
their sister-in-law made her will. My great-grandfather, born some time in the early
1740’s, maintained that his family came from North Devon. We have the same coat
of arms – handed down, not applied for in any way – and we have kept the spelling
of the name as it appears on Philip’s tombstone at Knowstone, and moreover in those
wills alluded to, wherever one of the family is the writer.
If further facts ascertained since my last query should help towards bridging the
gap between 1701 and 1740 I should indeed be glad, and should welcome any information
that may seem to bear upon the matter.